Prof. David Gongwe Mhando

Prof. David Gongwe Mhando

David Gongwe Mhando, who holds a PhD (Area Studies) from Kyoto University, Japan, is an Associate Research Professor and Head, Department of Policy Planning and Management at the Collage of Social Sciences and Humanities, Sokoine University of Agriculture (SUA). From 2005-2011, he was the Head of Socio-economy section at the Centre for Sustainable Rural Development (SCSRD), at SUA. Prof. Mhando has researched and published on rural livelihoods, especially smallholder coffee growers in Kilimanjaro, Ruvuma and Songwe regions as well as on  timber, and cassava value chains. Among consultancies and researches that he has conducted and published include: Social Economics and Livelihoods Diversification after Economic Liberalisation in Mbinga District, Ruvuma Region; coffee value chain in Kilimanjaro, Ruvuma and Songwe regions and Warehouse Receipt Systems in Ruvuma Region. In 2017, Prof Mhando was contracted by the Tanzanian Coffee Board to conduct a Midterm Evaluation of the 2011-2021 Tanzanian Coffee Development Strategy. Furthermore, in 2018, Prof Mhando, as the national coffee expert, participated in the EU funded study on  Coffee Value Chain Analysis which was conducted in the Southern Highlands of Tanzania. Likewise, Prof Mhando has conducted Baseline Survey and Stakeholders Mapping for Smallholder Coffee Development Project (CODE-P) in Ruvuma, Mbeya, and Songwe Regions. In addition, Prof Mhando has conducted studies on feasibility study on introduction of Biogas Technology in Mbinga and Mbozi districts; smallholder dairy farmers in Njombe Region and climate change adaptation among smallholder farmers in Mbinga and Nyasa Districts in Ruvuma region, Tanzania. Prof. Mhando was also involved in the research on orange and spices production and marketing in Tanga and Morogoro regions, respectively. From 2018-2021, he was a research team member of the Timber Rush project conducted in the Sothern Highlands of Tanzania, funded by DANIDA.  Currently, he is an advisor of a British funded project, titled Urban and Peri-Urban Agriculture as Green Infrastructure implications on well-being and sustainability in the Global South, jointly implemented by Open University of Tanzania and University of East Anglia, United Kingdom.  Prof. Mhando’s teaching and research interests is focused on Socio-economics and Rural livelihoods strategies, rural-urban linkages, value chain analysis, rural development, farmers’ institutions (groups and cooperatives), group’s dynamics (formations and management). Apart from supervising undergraduate and post graduate students in research, Professor Mhando is also an internal examiner of MA dissertations and PhD Thesis at Sokoine University of Agriculture (SUA), and external examiner at University of Dar Es Salaam (UDSM), and Moshi Cooperative University (MoCU).

PhD (Area Studies)

1.       Diversification of Livelihoods in responses to changes in Policy and market forces: A case of coffee farmers in Mbinga district

2.       Analysis of coffee Value chain among the Chagga in Kilimanjaro

3.       Opportunities and obstacles of diversification among Small Scale coffee farmers in Mbinga District, Ruvuma Region holders

4.       Unlocking market opportunities for small scale cassava farmers in Tanzania

5.       The Role of Warehouse Receipt System on Farmers’ Income: the case of Coffee Farmers in Mbinga District Tanzania

6.       Use of Indigenous and Scientific Knowledge Systems on Seasonal Climate Forecasting for Enhancing Community Adaptation to Climate Variability in Mbinga District, Tanzania

7.       Up-scaling and Out-scaling Technologies for Enhancing Integrated Dairy Production System in Njombe District

8.       Timber Rush: Private forest land and plantations

9.       Challenges of Orange Production and Marketing in Muheza District, Tanga Region

10.   Vanilla Value chain and improving livelihoods of small scale farmers at  Ulugulu mountain

11.   Revitalising African economies


1.      Mhando, D. G; Mbeyale, G. (2010). An Analysis of the Coffee Value Chain in the Kilimanjaro Region, Tanzania, NCCR North-South Dialogue, No. 27

2.      Christopher Coles and Mhando, D. G (2010): Kilimanjaro Coffee Value chain Case Study: producer Benefits from Fair trade and Free market channels. Report to be submitted to ODI, UK)

3.      David Mhando and Zena Mpenda (2015):  Bio -feasibility/market intelligence study for 4S@scale programme in Tanzania

4.      David Mhando and N. Mdoe (2017): Midterm evaluation of the Tanzania coffee development strategy: 2011-2016: Tanzanian Coffee Board, December 2016 to July, 2017.



Mhando, D. G. (2012). Coffee Trap: An assessment of Potential Poverty Risk for Coffee Farmers in Mbinga District, Tanzania.     LAP LAMBERT Academic Publishing GmbH & Co. KG: ISBN 978-3-8473-4438-4


Book chapters

1.      Ludi E, Amsalu A, Chiuri W, Haller T, Mbeyale G, Mhando D. (2011). Sustainable livelihoods for coffee producers in East Africa: Is producing speciality coffee a way out of poverty? In: Wiesmann U, Hurni H, (Eds). Research for Sustainable Development: Foundations, Experiences, and Perspectives. Perspectives of the Swiss National Centre of Competence in Research (NCCR) North-South, University of Bern, Vol. 6. Bern, Switzerland: Geographica Bernensia, pp 505–524: ISBN: 978-3-905835-31-1

2.      Nindi, S. J & Mhando, D.G. (2011). Adaptation to Climate Change and variability |among smallholder’s farmers in Tanzania. In Walter Leal Filho (ed.) Climate change and the sustainable use of water resources. Springer Heidelberg Dordrecht London. ISBN 978-3-642-22265-8

Journal articles

1 Mhando, D.G; Itani, J: Farmers’ Coping Strategies to a Change in Coffee Market after Economic Liberalisation: The Case of Mbinga District, Tanzania, African Study Monograph, Supplementary Issue No. 36: 39-58 March, 2007.


2 Mhando, D.G; Itani, J: Post Economic liberalisation coping strategies after introduction of one licensing system in Tanzania: A case of The Matengo coffee growers in Mbinga District, Journal of Population Studies and Development, Vol. 14 Nos. 1&2: 41-58, 2008. ISBN 9856-0027


3: Mhando, D. G; Nindi, S.J; Temu, A. A: Obstacles and opportunities of livelihood diversification among smallholders coffee farmers in Mbinga district, Tanzania. Rural Planning Journal, Volume 10 No 2 (2008).


4 Mtengeti, E.J; Phiri, E.C; Urio, N,A; Mhando, D.G; Mvena, Z. Forage Availability and its quality in the dry season on smallholders dairy farms in Tanzania. Acta Agriculturae Scandinavica, Section A-Animal Sciences, 58:4, 196-204, 2008.


5 Mdegela, R.H, Ryoba, R.. Wetlesen, A and Lorken T., Phiri, E.C.J.H., Urio, N.A., Mtengeti, E.J., Mhando, D.G., Mvena, Z.K., Singh, B.  (2009). Prevelance of Mastitis and Quality of Milk in Smallholder Dairy Farmers in Tanzania.  South African Journal of Veterinary Association 80: 163-168


6. Mhando, D. G; Nindi, S.J; Chuma, E. (2009): Women Involvement in Hawking Trade: A Unique Livelihood Strategy in Moshi Municipality, Tanzania, Loyola Journal of Social Science, Vol. XX111, No.2: 157-166, July-December, 2009.


7. Mhando, D. G, Nindi, S.J: Ganja, S. (2009) An analysis of Gender Based participation in the context of participatory Development approaches: The case of Kongwa District, Dodoma, Tanzania. Tanzanian Journal of Population Studies and Development, Vol. 16 No II, 2009. ISBN 9856-0027


8. Mhando, D. G. Nindi, S.J. Ganja, S. (2010). Coffee Trap: An assessment of Potential Poverty Risk for Coffee Farmers in Mbinga District, Tanzania. Eastern and Central African Journal of Agricultural Economics and Development, Volume 7, 2010, 96-117


9: Mntambo, B.D; Mattee, A. Z; Mhando, D.G. (2010). Accessibility and utilisation of agricultural information among women farmers: The case of Korogwe District, Tanzania. Tanzanian Journal of Population Studies and Development, Vol. 17 No 1and 2, 2010:64-81. ISBN 9856-0027


10. Nindi, S. J., Mhando, D. G and Nkwera, E. F. (2011). The Role of Forest Resources on Poverty Reduction: The Case of Timber Trading in Mufindi District, Tanzania, International Journal of Ecology and Development, Winter 2011, Volume 8, W1, 62-75


11 Nindi, S. J.; Mhando, D. G. and Kayombo, A. J. (2011). The Role of Quality Obstetric Care Services on Reducing Maternal Mortality in Rural Areas of Tanzania, East African Journal of Public Health, Volume 8, Number 4. December 2011: 286-93


12 Mhando, D. G; Nindi, S. J; Mwanakatwe, E, O (2012). The role of Non-Governmental Organizations on HIV/AIDS mitigation in Morogoro Municipality, Tanzania: Huria Journal, Volume XII MS52, October, 2012: 76-93


13. Mhando, D.G; Haller, T; Ludi, E; Mbeyale, G: (2013). Adaptation to changes in the coffee value chain and price changes among coffee producers in Kilimanjaro, Tanzania, African Study Monographs, 34 (1): 27-56, March, 2013 :


14 Mntambo, B. D: Mhando, D.G: (2013). Gender challenges on accessibility and utilisation of energy sources: a case study of Mvomero District, Tanzania. International Journal of Ecology and Development, (2013), Volume 25, Issue 2: 32-48


15. Mhando, D. G; Mntambo, B, D; Ganja, S. K; Gongwe, A.G. (2013). Opportunities and constraints: Warehouse Receipt system for Coffee production and Marketing in Mbinga District, Tanzania. The Journal of Korean African Studies, August. 2013. Vol 36: 179-216


16. Mhando, D.G; Ganja, S. K; Monyo, E. (2013). The Dilemma of Members of Farmers’ Cooperatives after Liberalisation of Domestic Coffee Marketing: The Case of Moshi and Rombo District, Tanzania  Journal of Education, Humanities and Sciences, Volume 2, No.1, 2013:61-80 (ISSN 1821-7427)


17. Nindi, S. J., and Mhando, D. G. (2013). Dynamics of Juvenile Delinquency and Crimes in Arusha Municipality, Tanzania: an Agenda for Development". Journal of Education, Humanities and Sciences, Vol.2 No.1, 2013: 16-32. (ISSN 1821-7427)


18. Nindi, S. J., Mhando, D. G., Mahonge, C. P. I. and Itani, J. (2014). Land cover change and the role of farmer groups in environmental conservation and livelihood improvement: the case of Mbinga District, Tanzania. International Journal of Research in Social Sciences, Volume 4, Issue I: 240-256. February, 2014. ISSN 2249-2496


19. Mhando, D. G (2014). Conflict as Motivation for change: The Case of Coffee Farmer’s Cooperatives in Moshi, Tanzania. African Study Monographs, Supplementary Issue. 50, 2014, 137-154.


20. Mhando, D. G (2014). Unstable Local Producer’s Institutions and Failure to Utilize Competitive Factor: The Case of the Tanzania Coffee Industry, Journal of Education, Humanities and Sciences, Special Issue, Vol. 3Nos 1&2, 2014, 61-74 (ISSN 1821-7427)


21 Mhando, D.G. (2014). Dynamics of Indigenous organisations: The Sengu Gathering of the Matengo People of Mbinga District, Tanzania. International Journal of Education and Research, Vol. 2 No. 12, December 2014, 265-282. ISSN: 2201-6740


22. Nindi, S. J., Mhando, D. G., Mahonge, C. P. I. and Itani, J. (2014). The Potential of Rural Farm Families in Resource Management in Tanzania: Journal of Institute of African Studies in Korea, Vol. III, 2014


1 Urio, N.A; Mtengeti, E.J; Phiri, E; Mhando, D,G; Mvena, Z; Ryoba, R; Mdegela: Small holders Dairy production Under Dairy-maize-Rice Integrated cropping Systems in Njombe and Mvomero Districts: Constraints and Opportunities for Intensification. Proceedings of the First Annual PANTIL Research Workshop held in Morogoro, 27-29 September, 2006


2 Mtengeti, E.J. Kiliaki, H.M.A Urio, N.A. Phiri, E.C.J.H. Mhando, D.G.,Singh B.R. and Magne Mo (2008). Effect of Harvesting Frequency on Productivity of Mixed Grass-Legume Fodder Gardens on Smallholder Dairy Farms in Mvomero District, Tanzania. . In: Food and Energy Crises: Contribution and Challenges for Agricultural and Climate Change Research. In: Transforming Livelihoods of Smallscale Farmers: Contribution of Agricultural and Natural Resources Research under PANTIL (Batamuzi, E.K., Gimbi, D.M. Kurwijila, L.R. eds).  Proc. Of the 2nd Annual PANTIL research workshop,7-9 October, 2008  2008, St Gaspar Conference centre, Dodoma. Pages 135-141


3 Mtengeti, E.J., Phiri, E.C.J.H, Urio, N.A., Mhando, D.G., Mvena, Z., Ryoba, R.,Mdegela, R., Mbwile, R., Magne Mo, Singh, B. R., Wetlesen, A. and Lørken, T. (2007).  Availability and quality of feeds in the dry season on smallhoder dairy farms in Turiani Division, Mvomero district. In: Poverty Reduction; The Role of Agricultural and Natural Resources Research. (E.K. Batamuzi, D.M. Gimbi, J.P. Hella, Tarimo, A.J.P., Mwaseba, D.L. eds):   Proc. Of the 2nd Annual PANTIL research workshop, 15-17 October 2007, Morogoro, Pages 133-141


4 Mdegela, R.H., Ryoba, R. Karimribo, E.D., Phiri, E.C.J.H., Urio, N.A., Mtengeti, E.J., Mhando, D.G., Mvena, Z.K., Lorken, T., Reksen, O., Magne Mo., Wetlesen, A. and Singh, B. (2007). Studies on prevalence of mastitis and milk quality in smallholder dairy farming sector in Mvomero and Njombe districts, Tanzania. In: Poverty Reduction; The Role of Agricultural and Natural Resources Research. (E.K. Batamuzi, D.M. Gimbi, J.P. Hella, Tarimo, A.J.P., Mwaseba, D.L. eds):   Proc. Of the 2nd Annual PANTIL research workshop, 15-17 October 2007, Morogoro, Pages 142-150

research reports

1.Mhando, D. G; Ganja, S. K; Swai, F Coffee Trap: An Assessment of Potential Poverty Risk for Coffee Farmers in Mbinga District, Tanzania, REPOA, June, 2010


2. Mutabazi, K; Mhando, D. G, Mdoe, N: Macha Joyce, Cassava Value chain: Unlocking market Opportunity for Small scale Cassava Farmers in Tanzania: A baseline study of value chain in Mkuranga and Morogoro Rural Districts, Tanzania


3. Mhando, D.G; Mntambo, B; Ganja, S: The Benefits of Warehouse Receipt System on Farmers’ Income: the case of Coffee Farmers in Mbinga District Tanzania, ( A research report Submited to REPOA, January, (2011)


David Gongwe Mhando,

Associate Research Professor,

College of Social Sciences and Humanities

Sokoine University of Agriculture,

Post Box 3035,


Fax/Telephone 255-23-2604279 (office)

Mobile Phone: +255-787-074407/773-074407