Prof. Carolyne Ignatius Nombo

Carolyne Nombo is an Associate Professor. She received her PhD from Wageningen University in the Netherlands. She holds a Master degree in Agricultural Education and Extension as well as undergraduate degree in Home Economics and Human Nutrition from Sokoine University of Agriculture.  Carolyne is skilled and experienced rural development and gender specialist with over 20 years’ experience in development particularly gender equality, women’s empowerment, rural livelihood, community development, programme/project monitoring and evaluation and strengthening of civil society institutions. She also has a sound understanding of participatory approaches. She provides gender sensitive leadership for change in higher education and beyond.

She is involved in research and community work focusing on rural development, gender, HIV/AIDS, food security and livelihood, community organizations and local institutions. Most recently her research grants have focused on gender and climate change adaptation, gender and HIV/AIDS adherence. She is the author of the book titled When HIV/AIDS meets poverty: Implications for Social Capital in Tanzania, a publication which provided a timely contribution to the discourse on the significance of social capital for the poor.

Some of her publications can be accessed at Research Gate or Google Scholar.
Other Professional Responsibilities
  • Board Member –Higher Education Student’s Loan Board, Tanzania
  • Member – Quality Assurance Committee Inter-University Council for East Africa
  • Board Member of Centre for Coordination of Agricultural Research and Development for Southern Africa (CCARDESA)
  • Member of African Women Leaders in Agriculture and Environment (AWLAE)
  • Member of Tanzania Society of Agricultural Education and Extension (TSAEE)
  • Member of INADES Formation Tanzania
  • Member of SUASA

PhD in Social Sciences Wageningen University,  The Netherlands ( 2007)

MSc. Agricultural Extension and Education, Sokoine University of Agriculture, Tanzania  (1995)

Bachelor of Science in Home Economics and Human Nutrition, Sokoine University of Agriculture, Morogoro, Tanzania ( 1993)

Advanced level of Secondary Education in Chemistry, Biology and Geography - Loleza Girls Secondary School, Tanzania (1989)

Ordinary Level of Secondary Education - Perahimo Girls Secondary School, Tanzania (1986)


  1. Global Value- Assessing the impacts of Multinational Corporations on global development and value creation in the EU 7th Framework Programme, Co-PI
  2. The Influence of gender related factors on access to and adherence to HIV/AID Treatment in Njombe Region, PI
  3. Gendered climate change impacts and Adaptation in Semi Arid areas of Tanzania, Co-PI


  1. Currently supervising two (3) PhD students’ research projects on: 1)Land reforms and women control over land; 2) Sustainability of Drilled wells in Dodoma, Tanzania 3) Role of multi-stakeholders platform in Agricultural Innovations
  2. Currently supervising three (3) students’ research projects for Masters Degree Dissertations on Youth employment challenges, Maternal Health and local Government Responsiveness
  3. Currently supervising 1 undergraduate student’s special projects on Women empowerment.


Integrated Monitoring and evaluation for Mc Knight Crop collaborative Research in Tanzania, Malawi and Mozambique, January – December 2011: Consultant

Gender study in Beef and Dairy Value chains in Tanzania for ASARECA project, November 2010: Consultant

Socio economic impact assessment for PASS (Private Agricultural Sector Support) in Tanzania, baseline study April – May, 2010: Member consultancy team

Gender mainstreaming: Consultant for Intermon Oxfam, October 2009

Stakeholders mapping: Consultant for Research Into Use programme in Tanzania. March, 2009.

Monitoring gender and participation: Gender consultant on monitoring mission for WOPATA Projects in Morogoro, Tanzania. Examined progress on gender and participation issues and agreed recommendations for future directions with project staff and managers. March, 2008.

Training in gender issues in Food security programmes for Intermón Oxfam partners. May, 2008: Consultant.

Facilitation: Fundraising workshop for PELUM-Tz members, March 2001.



Kabote, S. J., Mamiro, D., Synnevag, G., Urassa, J.K, Mattee, A.Z., Mbwambo, J.S, Nombo, C.I, Chingonikaya, E.E and L.M. Matata (2017) Perceived and measured climate variability and change in semi-arid environments in Tanzania: experiences from Iramba and Meatu Districts. Int. J. Environment and Sustainable Development, Vol. 16, No. 1:1-24

K. Urassa, C.I Nombo, S.J. Kabote, D.P.Mamiro, J.S Mbwambo, A.Z. Mattee, L.M. Matata and G. Synnevag ( 2016). Climate change and its variability on crop production in semiarid areas of Iramba and Meatu Districts, Tanzania (2016). African Development Studies Vol 32, 10-19

Delphina, P. Mamiro, Samwel J. Kabote, Justine K. Urassa, Leah W. Matata, Caroline I. Nombo, Amon Z. Mattee, Gry Synnevag, and Jonathan Mbwambo (2014) The effects of Climate Variability and Change to the Farming Sysytem in Iramba and Meatu Districts, Tanzania. Journal of Continuing Education and Extension 5(2): 652-670.

Samwel J. Kabote, Elliott P. Niboye and Carolyne I. Nombo (2014) Performance in Mathematics and Science Subjects: A Gender perspective for Selected Primary Schools in Rural and Urban Tanzania. International Journal of Gender Studies and Women’s Studies 5(3):87-105.

Evan Mvurungu, Carolyne Nombo, Zebedayo Samweli Kandanza Mvena, Miraji Ngetti, Fredy Timothy Mlyavidoga Kilima, Christopher Coles and Adam Meshack Akyoo (2014) Milk Value chain, Gender Equity and Poverty Alleviation in Tanzania. Journal of Continuing Education and Extension 5(1): 476- 491

Michael Lucas Kadigi, Fredy Timothy Mlyavidoga Kilima, Christopher Coles, Zebedayo Samweli Kayanza Mvena, Adam Meshack Akyoo, Miraji Ngetti and Carolyne Nombo (2013) Choice of Marketing Channels among Urban Dairy Farmers and its Implication on Growth of the Milk Sector in Tanzania. East and Southern Africa Journal of Agricultural Economics and Development 10:

Kabote, S. J., Mamiro, D., Synnevag, G., Urassa, J.K, Mattee, A.Z., Mbwambo, J.S, Nombo, C.I,  Matata,L. W and Chingonikaya, E.E And (2013) Inter-annual Anomaly and Seasonal Variability of Rainfall and Temperature in Selected Semi-aris Areas of Tanzania. Journal of Continuing Education and Extension 4(2): 295 317

Jeckoniah, J., Mdoe, N., Nombo, C. (2013) Mapping Gender Roles and Relations along Onion Value Chain in Northern Tanzania. International Journal of Asian Social Science 3(2):523-541

Nombo, C.I, Urassa, J.K, Mbwambo, J.S, Mattee, A.Z, Mamiro, D., Kabote, S., Matata,L. And Synnevag, G. (2013) A gendered Analysis of Climate Change impacts and adaptations in Semi Arid area farming systems of Tanzania. Journal of Continuing Education and Extension 4(1): 212-227

Nombo, C and Sikira A.N (2012) Gender Issues in the Dairy and Beef Value Chains in Tanzania. Journal of Development Studies Vol 12. No 1.pp 68-78

Jeckoniah, J., Nombo, C., Mdoe, N. (2012). Socio-Economic Status and Women Empowerent in Rural Tanzania: A case of Onion Value Chain in Simanjiro District. Journal of Development Studies Vol 12. No 2 (Accepted for publication)

Jeckoniah, J., Nombo, C., Mdoe, N. (2012). Women Empowerment in Agricultural Value Chains: Voices from Onion Growers in Northern Tanzania. Research on Humanities and Social Sciences  2(8):54-60

Jeckoniah, J., Nombo, C., Mdoe, N. (2012). Determinants of Women Empower ment in Onion Value Chains: A Case of Simanjiro District in Tanzania. Journal of Economics and Sustainable Development 3(10): 54-60

Nombo, C.I. (2010) “Coping with AIDS impacts: The role of informal social capital in a Tanzania Village”. Journal of Continuing Education and Extension 3(2): 24-38.

Muhanga, M and C.I Nombo (2010) Local Government policy responses to informal sector in Morogoro, Tanzania: seeing problems in an opportunity or seeing an opportunity in problems? African Affairs Vol. 8, pp.133-156

Nombo C. I and M. Muhanga (2009) Social ecology – A new perspective to HIV/AIDS susceptibility and vulnerability analysis in Mkamba Village, Morogoro Tanzania.  Korean Journal of African Affairs, Vol. 23, pp.34-61

Nombo, C. and A. Niehof (2008) Resilience of HIV/AIDS-affected households in a village in Tanzania: Does social capital help? Medische Antropologie 20(2):241-257

Nombo, C. and A. Z Mattee (1998) Factors which motivate Farmers to Join and Participate in Groups: The case study of Mgeta and Mkuyuni Divisions, Morogoro Rural District, Tanzania. Journal of Agricultural Economics and Development for Eastern and Southern Africa vol. 2.

Books and Book Chapters

Urassa, J.K, Nombo, C.I, Synnevag, G. Mamiro, D., Kabote,S., Mattee, A.Z, Mbwambo, J.S. na Matata, L. (2016). Athari za Mabadiliko ya Tabia Nchi kwa Mtizamo wa Kijinsia na Namna ya kukabiliana na Athari hizo. Uzoefu kutoka Wilaya ua Meatu na Iramba, Tanzania. EPINAV, SUA.

C.I. Nombo, S.J. Kabote, D.P. Mamiro, G. Synneva˚g, A.Z. Mattee, J.K. Urassa, and L. Matata (2014) Adaptation to Climate Change: Changing Gender Relations in the Meatu and Iramba Districts in Tanzania. A Chapter in Sustainable Intensification to Advance Food Security and Enhance Climate Resilience in Africa. Springer International Publishing Switzerland.pp 587-599.

G. Synneva˚g, S.J. Kabote, C.I. Nombo, D.P. Mamiro,and A.Z. Mattee (2014) Smallholder Adaptation to Climate Change in Semi-arid Areas of Tanzania: Experiences from Iramba and Meatu Districts. A Chapter in Sustainable Intensification to Advance Food Security and Enhance Climate Resilience in Africa. Springer International Publishing Switzerland.pp 467-485.

Nombo, C. (2013) Households and social networks in times of HIV/AIDS: A case from Tanzania. A chapter in a book entitled “The arena of everyday life. Mansholt Publication Series Vol 12 edited by Carja Butijn, Johan Van Ophem and Gerda Casimir. Wageningen Academic Publishers. Pp 81-91

Nombo, C.I (2010) Sweet cane, bitter realities: The complex realities of AIDS in Mkamba, Kilombero District, Tanzania. A chapter in a book entitled “AIDS and Rural livelihood: Dynamics and Diversity in Sub-Saharan Africa”pp 61-76.

Nombo, C.I, R. Max, Gimbi, D.M, Macha, J.L, Chove B.E., Makenga, G. and E.K Batamuzi (2009) A guide for preparation of popular dissemination materials. PANTIL, SUA.

Nombo, C. (2007) When AIDS meets poverty: implications for social capital in a village in Tanzania. Wageningen: Wageningen Academic Publishers.


Nombo C.I and J. N Jeckoniah (2011) Gender and Development. A compendium for Undergraduate Students. Pp 123


C.I Nombo, J.K Urassa, J.S Mbwambo, A.Z Mattee, D.P Mamiro, S.J Kabote, L.M. Matata, and G. Synneåg (2012) A Gendered analysis of climate variability impacts and adaptations in semi arid area farming systems and natural resources management. A paper presented at EPINAV Annual scientific Conference, December 2012, Morogoro.

Nombo, C.I (2010) Forging partnership with civil society for technology dissemination. A paper presented at SUA/SIU seminar, May 2010, Dar es Salaam
Nombo, C. and A. Niehof (2007) Developing new social relations to mitigate impacts of HIV/AIDS. A paper presented at the Second European Conference on African Studies, 11-14 July 2007, Leiden.

Nombo, C. and A. Z Mattee (1995) Farmers groups and Local Networks in the Development process. A paper presented in the First Faculty of Agriculture Scientific Conference held at SUA, Morogoro.

Unpublished manuscripts
Nombo,  C. (1995) Farmers’ Groups as an Entry Point in Rural Development: A case of Uluguru Mountain Agricultural Development Project (UMADEP). Unpublished MSc thesis Sokoine University of Agriculture.

Working Papers

Judith S. Kahamba, MA, Fatihiya A. Massawe, PhD, Carolyne I. Nombo, PhD, John N. Jeckoniah, PhDHow Gender Affects Adherence to Antiretroviral Therapy in Tanzania. MEASURE Evaluation


  1. Women in Academic Leadership - Crowne Plaza, Johannesburg, SA 25-26 March, 2015
  2. Climate Change, sustainable intensification and Food Security in Sub-Saharan Africa -  Morogoro, 13-15 November 2013
  3. EPINAV annual scientific Workshop - Morogoro, December 2012
  4. Impacts Monitoring and Evaluation - Nairobi, ILRI Kenya, 18-22 June 2012
  5. American Evaluation Annual Workshop - California, USA 1st -5th November 2011
  6. Introduction to policy Analysis course - Nairobi ILRI, Kenya, 18 -22 June 2011
P.O. Box 3044 CHUO KIKUU ,Morogoro, Tanzania

Official Telephones +255 023-2603511-4 Ext 4241/2

Direct +255 023 2604549

Cellular Telephone: +255 682 311 301

E-mail: or

Skype Address: mamtim